Triggers with Psychopy on Brainvision Recorder

23 Nov 2017


You want to set up your BrainProducts EEG System (BrainAmp) to receive triggers via the parallel port on Windows.

For that, you want to use Python.

(If you want to use Matlab, see here)

General Information

Parallel ports are hardware ports that are also called LPT ports.

LPT = Line Print Terminal”, “Local Print Terminal”, or “Line PrinTer”

Common port addresses for Windows:

LPT1 = 0x0378 or 0x03BC
LPT2 = 0x0278 or 0x0378
LPT3 = 0x0278

For completeness, these would be common addresses for Linux:

LPT1 = /dev/parport0
LPT2 = /dev/parport1
LPT3 = /dev/parport2

A Possible Solution

We will use Python (psychopy) to send triggers.


Instructions (Windows)

Open a Windows shell.

Prepare a virtual environment:

python -m pip install virtualenv
python -m virtualenv C:\psychopy_env

To activate or deactivate the virtual environment:


We use psychopy. So activate your virtual environment and run:

python -m pip install pypiwin32 numpy scipy matplotlib pandas pyopengl
python -m pip install pyglet pillow moviepy lxml openpyxl configobj psychopy

Once everything has been installed, you can try out the most common parallel port addresses. Copy the following code into a file and run it. At this point, you should have your BrainVision Recorder running in monitor mode. Stare at the screen to check whether markers are coming up:

from psychopy import parallel as p
import time

p_port1 = p.ParallelPort(address=0x03BC)
p_port2 = p.ParallelPort(address=0x0378)
p_port3 = p.ParallelPort(address=0x0278)
p_port4 = p.ParallelPort(address=0x3010) # this worked for me once ...

p_ports = [p_port1, p_port2, p_port3, p_port4]
for i, p_port in enumerate(p_ports):

If a marker shows up, note down the corresponding parallel port address.

If you were unlucky and you did not see any markers, see the Troubleshooting section below.

Alternative Way To Send Markers

Only works on Windows (same requirements as above, but you don’t need psychopy):

from ctypes import windll
import time

# Check if the driver is working
assert windll.inpoutx64.IsInpOutDriverOpen()

port_address = 0x3010
marker_value = 99

# Send a marker
windll.inpoutx64.Out32(port_address, marker_value)

# Reset the parallel port to zero
windll.inpoutx64.Out32(port_address, 0)


In case non of the above addresses work, you might have to use a different parallel port address.

Check out the Parallel-Port-Tester, which might yield some hints for the address.

Creative Commons Licence Except where otherwise noted, the content of this post is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License .